Blood pressure is one of the most trending chronic diseases globally. The patient in the case study should produce subjective data required for effective treatment; it includes symptoms. The patient should explain exactly how she feels (As far, 201). Data and information will be collected from the patient description instead of the physical examination. In objective data, there should be a physical examination, consider patient medical history, blood pressure measurement twice or more, measurements of weight, height and waist, examine the retina, the light-sensitive lining of the eyes and explore the heart. Also consider the fluid in the leg known as edema and the pulse in sensitive areas like the neck, in some cases the neck might have a thyroid disorder, distended neck veins and carotid arteries (As far, 201). Also, look at the abdomen of the patients, listen to the blood vessels in the abdominal areas and the sounds released, abnormal sound mostly is caused by the straining of blood flow in the narrow arteries. It’s done to find out the risk factors of blood pressure and decide on the type of medication to be given.
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Some of the intervention used in this case can be done by monitoring and assessing blood pressure and use the correct size of blood pressure cuff, to know the level and how to treat it. Second, find out the fluid restrictions; a lot of fluid indicates high blood pressure offloading can reduce preload and lower blood pressure (Ettehad, 2016). Also perform a cardiopulmonary assessment, including heart sounds, lung sounds, pulses and edema, to find out any abnormal conditions. Another point is to encourage rest and cluster care in most cases when the blood pressure is very high. Reducing stress and engaging in active activities is also essential. Administering BP reducing agents should be done on time, assess and control the pain from the patient (Ambrosius, 2014). Finally, educate a patient about the diseases, risk causing factors, treatment process and expected dietary adjustment.